Human cases of Avian Influenza H5N1, also known as “Bird Flu,” have been reported in seven Nigerian states.
Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, Director-General of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), made the announcement on Tuesday, April 6.
Kano, Plateau, Bauchi, Gombe, Nasarawa, Kaduna, and Niger states are among those affected. Ihekweazu also stated that a formal notice of the outbreak had been sent to the World Health Organization (WHO), as mandated by International Health Regulations (IHR).
Influenza virus strains that mainly affect birds may also infect humans.
Strains of the influenza virus that primarily infect birds, can also infect humans. This type of flu is most often contracted by contact with sick birds. It can also be passed from person to person.
Symptoms begin within two to eight days and can seem like the common flu. Cough, fever, sore throat, muscle aches, headache and shortness of breath may occur.
The disease can carry a high mortality in humans. Some antiviral drugs, if taken within two days of symptoms, may help.